The Constitution of India designates the official languages of the Government of India as English, as well as Hindi written in the Devanagari script. There is no national language as declared by the Constitution of India. English and Hindi are used for official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary, communications between the Central Government and a State Government. States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation and therefore there are 22 officially recognized languages in India. The number of native Hindi speakers ranges between 14.5 and 24.5% in total Indian population, however, other dialects of Hindi termed as Hindi languages are spoken by nearly 45% of Indians, mostly accounted from the states falling under the Hindi belt. Other Indian languages are each spoken by around 10% or less of the population.
States specify their own official language(s) through legislation.
Here is the complete list.
|10||Jammu & Kashmir||Urdu|
|18||Mizoram||Mizo, English & Hindi|
|25||Talangana||Telugu & Urdu|
|26||Tripura||Bengali, English & Kokborok|
Union Territories & Their Languages
|1||Andaman & Nicobar Island||Hindi & English|
|3||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||Gujarati Marathi & Hindi|
|4||Daman & Diu||Konkani|
|6||Lakshadweep||Malayalam & English|