Static GK- Complete List of Languages in India (States & Union Territories)




The Constitution of India designates the official languages of the Government of India as English, as well as Hindi written in the Devanagari script. There is no national language as declared by the Constitution of India. English and Hindi are used for official purposes such as parliamentary proceedings, judiciary, communications between the Central Government and a State Government. States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation and therefore there are 22 officially recognized languages in India. The number of native Hindi speakers ranges between 14.5 and 24.5% in total Indian population, however, other dialects of Hindi termed as Hindi languages are spoken by nearly 45% of Indians, mostly accounted from the states falling under the Hindi belt. Other Indian languages are each spoken by around 10% or less of the population.

States specify their own official language(s) through legislation.

Here is the complete list.

S. No. State Languages
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu
2 Arunachal Pradesh English
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar  Hindi
5 Chhattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi
10 Jammu & Kashmir Urdu
11 Jharkhand Hindi
12 Karnataka Kannada
13 Kerala Malayalam
14 Madhya Pradesh Hindi
15  Maharashtra Marathi
16 Manipur Meiteilon (Manipuri)
17 Meghalaya English
18 Mizoram Mizo, English & Hindi
19 Nagaland English
20 Odisha Odia
21 Punjab Punjabi
22 Rajasthan Hindi
23 Sikkim English
24 Tamilnadu Tamil
25 Talangana Telugu & Urdu
26 Tripura Bengali, English & Kokborok
27  Uttar Pradesh Hindi
28 Uttarakhand Hindi
29 West Bengal Bengali

Union Territories & Their Languages




1 Andaman & Nicobar Island Hindi & English
2 Chandigarh English
3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli Gujarati Marathi & Hindi
4 Daman & Diu Konkani
5 Delhi Hindi
6 Lakshadweep Malayalam & English
7 Puducherry Tamil




Source- Wikipedia

  • Sachin shukla( Banker 2018)

    ty